About

As internet connectivity deepens across the Pacific region, collaborative action to combat cybercrime has been a priority for PILON since 2016. While faster and better internet access continues to open up greater social and economic possibilities for the Pacific, it also enables cybercriminals to reach across the globe to commit new crimes, or old crimes in new ways. The borderless nature of cybercrime means it can occur anywhere, making international cooperation, investigative assistance, and common substantive and procedural legislative provisions of paramount importance.

Pacific leaders have acknowledged that cybersecurity is a rapidly growing threat to the region and, in the Boe Declaration on Regional Security, have called for an increasing emphasis on regional cooperation to address it. Cybercrime and cyber-enabled crime are key areas of strategic focus in the Boe Declaration Action Plan and PILON is contributing to regional efforts to address this issue thorough the promotion of accession by PILON Member countries to the Council of Europe Convention on Cybercrime (‘Budapest Convention’). This Convention provides a framework for regional cooperation and collaboration on investigating and prosecuting cybercrime particularly those aspects that require a cooperative approach, such as information sharing and mutual legal assistance (providing evidence across international borders).

The PILON Cybercrime Working Group has focused its efforts on building the awareness of member countries of the urgent need to address cybercrime to protect Pacific communities and economies. PILON promotes the development and implementation of best practice legislation, evidence gathering powers and international cooperation mechanisms for police, prosecutors and law makers.

PILON works with regional and international partners, including the Council of Europe, the Pacific Islands Chiefs of Police’s Cyber Safety Pasifika Program and the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Cyber Cooperation Program to deliver activities including regional workshops, training and development of practical resources.

Chair

  • Linda Folaumoetu’i (Attorney General, Kingdom of Tonga)
  • American Samoa
  • Australia
  • Cook Islands
  • Fiji
  • Nauru
  • New Zealand
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Solomon Islands
  • Tonga
  • Vanuatu
  • Federated States of Micronesia

Upcoming activities

Cybercrime Legislation Webinar

We are pleased to invite you to the upcoming joint COE and PILON Cybercrime Working Group webinar on “Cybercrime Legislation in the Pacific: Sharing Perspectives on Recent Progress.

The webinar will be held on Friday 5 August at 12pm Canberra time/2pm Tarawa time/3pm Nuku’alofa time.

The webinar will discuss recent progress in harmonising and updating legal frameworks on cybercrime and electronic evidence, in line with international standards (i.e., Budapest Convention) as a crucial milestone in equipping relevant authorities in the region to address cybercrime issues. We will hear from Kiribati and Tonga on the approach their country has taken, and the Council of Europe will also present on the impacts and benefits of acceding to the Budapest Convention, the accession process and further types of assistance the Council of Europe can extend to interested countries.

Speakers

 Domingo Kabunare (Kiribati Ministry of Information, Communications and Transport) is a Senior Information Analyst, responsible for the Government Cybersecurity policy, programmes, projects and other cybersecurity related activities.

Tupou K Vainikolo (Attorney General’s Office, Kingdom of Tonga) is a Crown Prosecutor in the Criminal Division. She is involved in the assessment and prosecution of indictable criminal offences, including criminal offences that are cyber-related. She assists the Attorney General in her involvement in national, regional and international matters related to cybercrime and cyber safety.

 Catalina Stroe (Cybercrime Programme Office, Council of Europe) is programme manager of the Global Action on Cybercrime Extended (GLACY+), joint project of European Union and Council of Europe. The primary aim of the project is to strengthen the capacities of States worldwide to apply legislation on cybercrime and electronic evidence and enhance their abilities for effective international cooperation in this area, while ensuring compliance with international human rights standards and the rule of law.
Before joining Council of Europe, Catalina acted as a white collar crime defence attorney and for more than 15 years. She covered AML/CTF compliance matters, fraud and corruption prevention area, with extensive experience in various forensic projects.

How to Register

We invite you to register for this free webinar through the following link:

Click Here to Register

We encourage you to share this invite with any colleagues who may benefit from this webinar, including legislative drafters, those engaged in legal policy reform, and other legal professionals working on cybercrime issues in the Pacific.

Please do not hesitate to contact the PILON Secretariat (pilon@pilonsec.org) should you have any questions.

 

Completed activities

2022
“The Zyber “Digital Forensics for Lawyers and Judges – Intermediate level”

April 2022 – July 2022

The scholarship course ran from April to July 2022. Participants built a deeper understanding of the issues considered in the Fundamentals course, piloted by the Cybercrime Working Group in 2021.

This course covers more advanced aspects of computer, mobile, network, and cloud forensics – different types of evidence and their forensic value, how to acquire digital evidence, what are the forensic solutions, challenges, and most importantly, time and effort needed.

As part of the course, participants engaged in three Zoom class discussion sessions with experts on digital forensics practice and procedure from Pacific countries. Recordings of each Zoom session from the Fundamentals and Intermediate courses are available in the Members’ Zone.”

2021
Webinar: Countering Disinformation

26 November 2021

The co-badged webinar between the PILON Cybercrime Working Group and the Council of Europe on ‘Countering Disinformation’ was a success.

Panelists for the webinar included;

  • Council of Europe
  • Pacific Fusion Centre
  • Kiribati Ministry of Information, Communication, Transport and Tourism Development
  • Kingdom of Tonga Attorney-General’s Office

 

To view recording of this webinar please click here

2021
``Addressing Image-Based Abuse`` Part 2

23 September 2021

This webinar recording is brought to you by the Pacific Islands Law Officers’ Network(PILON) Cybercrime and Sexual and Gender Based Violence(SGBV) Working Groups.

Ms Dana Esperanza, Assistant Director, Attorney-General’s Department, Australia, chaired the webinar.

Panelists for the webinar included;

  • Rosalie O’Neale, Australian Office of the eSafety Commissioner
  • Superintendent Kalisi Tohifolau, Tonga Police
  • Fiona Cleary, Principal at the Luke Cunningham Clere, New Zealand

To view recording of this webinar please click here

 

2021
``Addressing Image-Based Abuse`` Part 1

26 August 2021

This webinar recording is brought to you by the Pacific Islands Law Officers’ Network(PILON) Cybercrime and Sexual and Gender Based Violence Working Groups jointly delivered the first of two part webinar.

Moderator by Mr James Lutui, Director of Public Prosecutions, Kingdom of Tonga.  Presenters for the webinar included;

  • Karen Bentley, CEO, WESNET 
  • Stephanie Dunn, Legal Officer, Fiji Women’s Crisis Centre

 

To view recording of this webinar please click here

 

2021
Cybercrime and Children in a Covid-19 World: Part 2 – Online Child Sexual Abuse Material (CSAM)

4 June 2021, 2pm Samoan Time (WST)

This webinar recording is brought to you by the Pacific Islands Law Officers’ Network(PILON) Cybercrime and Children in a Covid-19 World: Part 2-Online Child Sexual Abuse Materials.

The webinar was chaired by Attorney General Linda Folauetu’i , Kingdom of Tonga.

Panellists for the webinar included:

  • Goimel Saolo, UNICEF Child Protection Consultant, Vanuatu
  • Partick Burton, UNICEF Pacific Child Online Protection Consultant
  • Katie Hodges, UNICEF Pacific Child Protection Specialist
  • Cassandra Armstrong and Nathalie Espinoza, Cybercrime and Online Safety Policy Section, Australian Department of Home Affairs
  • Julie Zezovska and Kit Arjura, Child Abuse and Family Violence Section, Department of Home Affairs
  • Rachel Olutimayin, Director of Public Prosecutions (DPP), Solomon Islands

 

To view recording of this webinar please click here

 

 

2021
Cybercrime and Children in a Covid-19 World: Part 1 - Cyberbullying

18 March 2021, 2pm Samoan Time (WST)

 

This webinar was the first of a two part webinar series on Cybercrime and Children in a Covid-19 World.

Covid-19 has changed the world as we know it. While we have been forced to physically distance, we have become more connected through the internet, adapting to remote work, learning and video calls. Cybercriminals have adapted to our increased online engagement, rendering children more vulnerable than ever in this new criminal landscape. As the first of our two-part webinar on Cybercrime and Children in a Covid-19 world, the Cyberbullying webinar discussed the challenges of keeping our children safe when engaging with digital technology, as well as opportunities for adapting laws and policies to prevent harmful practices.

Panellists for the webinar included:

  • Ms Anne Dunn-Baleilevuka, Commissioner of the Fiji Online Safety Commission
  • Ms Kelly Tallon, Manager of Online Harm Policy at the Australian eSafety Commission
  • Ms Ella Serry, Assistant Manager, International Strategy and Futures at the Australian eSafety Commission
  • Professor Amanda Third (PhD), Professorial Research Fellow in the Institute for Culture and Society at Western Sydney University

The webinar was chaired by Mr James Lutui, Director of Public Prosecutions in the Kingdom of Tonga , and live scribed by graphic artist, Ms Jessamy Gee.

To view webinar poster: Download poster

To view recording of this webinar please click here.

We thank our speakers and participants for their engagement during the webinar and look forward to your interest in second part of this webinar series.

2020
PILON Webinar – Mutual Legal Assistance: Electronic Evidence and Cybercrime

2 December 2020, 3pm Samoan Time (WST)

 

The Pacific Islands Law Officers Network (PILON) Cybercrime Working Group hosted a live webinar about mutual legal assistance, electronic evidence and cybercrime.

To view agenda: Download agenda

To view presentations: Download presentation by Kilby Baker

Recording of this webinar can be found here.

2020
PILON Week Webinar - The effects of COVID-19 on cybercrime in the Pacific

10 November 2020, 2pm Samoan Time (WST)

The Pacific Islands Law Officers Network (PILON) hosted a live webinar on the effects of COVID-19 on cybercrime in the Pacific. This event was delivered in partnership with the Council of Europe.

To view agenda: Download agenda

To view presentations in a poster format: Presentation poster

To view recording of this webinar click here.

2020
PILON Mutual Legal Assistance Handbook: Cybercrime & Electronic Evidence

The PILON Cybercrime Working Group has developed this resource to assist criminal justice practitioners in the Pacific to obtain material through mutual legal assistance (MLA) relating to criminal proceedings in one country at the request of another. MLA is a key form of international cooperation and is important for cybercrime investigations and prosecutions as the world, and crime, becomes increasingly borderless and transnational in nature.

We encourage you to explore the handbook as an online resource.

Printed hardcopies will also be available to PILON members in due course. Meanwhile you can download the PILON Mutual Legal Assistance Handbook here:  MLA Handbook (PDF, 8.2 MB)

Templates

A number of templates are available for download and use by PILON member law enforcement agencies and central authorities to assist in the preparation and processing of mutual assistance requests. The templates are a guide only and consideration should be given to adapting to the particular needs and legislative requirements of your country.

Download (DOCX, 38.9 KB)  Mutual Legal Assistance Questionnaire for Law Enforcement

Download (DOCX, 25.0 KB)  Mutual Legal Assistance Request

Download (DOCX, 18.7 KB)  Affidavit of business employee

Download (DOCX, 13.7 KB)  Affidavit of a law enforcement officer or government official

Download (DOCX, 18.0 KB)  Direct request to service provider for voluntary disclosure of data

Download (DOCX, 18.0 KB)  Emergency request to service provider for data

2019
Workshop: International cooperation to share electronic evidence and combat cybercrime

27-31 May 2019, Port Vila, Vanuatu

Agenda and presentations from the workshop can be found on the Council of Europe’s website.

Download workshop booklet (PDF, 11.7 MB)

2018
Workshop: Combatting online child abuse and cyberbullying in the Pacific

12-15 June 2018, Nuku’alofa, Kingdom of Tonga

Download workshop agenda (PDF, 577.7 KB) Download workshop booklet (PDF, 18.7 MB)

2017
Workshop: The Pacific response to cybercrime: effective tools and good practices

23-25 May 2017, Nuku’alofa, Kingdom of Tonga

Download workshop agenda (PDF, 762.1 KB) Download workshop booklet (PDF, 9.8 MB)

2016
Overview of cybercrime legislation in the Pacific

In collaboration with the Pacific Islands Chiefs of Police and the Australian Attorney-General’s Department, PILON conducted a high level overview of cybercrime legislation in the Pacific in 2016.

This document is available through the PILON Members’ Zone. If you are not a member but you are interested in learning more about this, please contact the PILON Secretariat.

Further learning resources

PILON Mutual Legal Assistance Handbook: Cybercrime and Electronic Evidence

Read the PILON Mutual Legal Assistance Handbook online

For further resources and useful tips in relation to cybercrime and cyber-enabled crime, please visit the Digital Library.

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